Pulmonary Tuberculosis

This site is dedicated to tuberculosis symptoms.
Pulmonary Tuberculosis


        It affects the lungs. In some cases pulmonay tuberculosis can involve other organs too.

        Tuberculosis appears thanks to Mycobacterium tuberculosis and can be purchased by inhaling water droplets from an infected person who coughs or sneezes. The infection can remain dormant or inactive (latent) for years and then manifests. The majority of symptomatic people were infected aforetime. There are some people who have more chances to develop active tuberculosis:

  • Seniors
  • Babies
  • People who have weak immunity, because of AIDS, or anti rejection medicines after transplants, chemo,

       The risk of pulmonary tuberculosis may increases when people:

  • Contact frequently other people who have the disease
  • Living in crowded or unsanitary living
  • Suffer of malnutrition

Pulmonary tuberculosis pictures

Pulmonary Tuberculosis Pulmonary Tuberculosis Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Symptoms

       The first stage of the pulmonary tuberculosis flows without symptoms. Among the symptoms that can appear there are:

  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Wheezing
  • Fever
  • Coughing up blood
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Excessive sweating, especially at night
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Fluid around lungs
  • Clubbing of the fingers and toes (in people with advanced disease)
  • Crackles
  • Enlarged neck lymph nodes

Tests can involve:

  • Tissue biopsy
  • Chest x-ray
  • Thoracentesis
  • Blood test with gamma interferon, as QFT-Gold test to check for TB infection
  • Examination of the sputum
  • Tuberculin skin test
  • Bronchoscopy

Treatment

       The goal of treatment is to cure the infection with drugs. The treatment of active pulmonary tuberculosis will always involve a combination of many drugs (usually four) and is continued until lab tests show which medicine works best. You may need to take many different pills at different times of day, which can be difficult for some people. Sometimes the drugs do not help treat the infection. Treatment usually lasts six months, although it may require longer courses for people with AIDS.

       You may require hospitalization to prevent the spread of the disease to others until you are no longer infectious. By law, the doctor or nurse must report the disease of tuberculosis at the local health department. The health care team will ensure that you receive the best care for tuberculosis.

       People can join a group they talk about their problems with the other members. If you follow doctor advice your symptoms can dissapear or improve in 21 days.

Complications:

       If pulmonary TB is not treated, it may provoke lung damage. TB medication can provoke in some cases side effects like liver disorders, rashes, vision changes, coloration of the urine or tears.

       Call your doctor if:

  • You was exposed to tuberculosis
  • Present tuberculosis symptoms
  • Symptoms persist after treatment
  • You present new symptoms

       You can prevent tuberculosis even though you contacted a person with TB. The skin test shows the exposure. Even though your test is negative but you know you was exposed, a second test is nedeed Early treatment is very important to avoid the tuberculosis spreading. There are some countries where TB is very common and BCG vaccination is required to prevent tuberculosis. A skin test is also nedeed.